2020 World Forum for Intangible
Cultural Heritage

Intangible Cultural Heritage:
Protects Biodiversity Contributes to Environmental Sustainability Enables Mankind to Interact
with the Natural Environment and Allow us to respond better and faster to Climate Change and Natural Disasters.

Online Forum due to the COVID-19 Pandemic

2020. 09. 23. (Wed) ~ 25. (Fri), 3days
14:00 ~ 16:00 (KST)


Human, Nature, and Intangible Cultural Heritage

2020 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage, Online Forum due to the COVID-19 Pandemic
2020. 09. 23 (Wed) ~ 25 (Fri).

Will our next generation thoroughly enjoy the clean water and fresh air, and abundance of nature that we all enjoy now?

Environmental sustainability is the most fundamental and urgent issue for humankind. Nonetheless, humanity has brought about climate change and the destruction of the natural environment in a relatively short time. This year, the pandemic of COVID-19 has caused tremendous causalities and brought significant changes around the world. Many experts attribute frequent emergence, and climate change influences the new viruses’ rapid spread in recent decades. The Republic of Korea is also experiencing more and more side effects of extreme weather every year, such as extreme heat and cold waves, unprecedented floods, and severe droughts.

There has never been a single living species in Earth’s history that has damaged our planet as much as humankind has had done. How can we prepare and maintain both environmental and ecological sustainability in the face of natural calamities?

Intangible cultural heritage is the knowledge and practice of nature and the universe that individuals and communities worldwide have accumulated through interaction with nature. Specifically, it refers to knowledge about traditional ecology, knowledge about local animals, plants and environment, indigenous and native knowledge, traditional treatment systems, cosmology, etc. Such knowledge and practice can significantly influence and change our values and beliefs towards nature. For example, Switzerland and Austria’s avalanche risk management, which was registered on UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage List in 2018, is an excellent example of responding to a natural crisis while strengthening its identity and sense of camaraderie. Nevertheless, such intangible cultural heritage has been much threatened by climate change, a series of deforestation, and desertification due to humankind’s destruction. Therefore, in the 2020 World Intangible Cultural Heritage Forum, we would like to discuss the meaning and role of the intangible cultural heritage and how it can contribute to environmental sustainability.

We hope this forum will serve as a meaningful opportunity to rediscover the value of intangible cultural heritage and discuss and find new ways to protect humankind from the ecological crisis. Thank you.


Language: English/Korean (Simultaneous Interpretation)

September 23(Wed.)

September 24 (Thu.)

September 25 (Fri.)


Introducing Participants of the 2020 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Assistant Director-General for Culture of UNESCO

Mr. Ernesto Ottone Ramírez is the Assistant Director-General for Culture of UNESCO. Prior to this position, Mr. Ottone Ramírez served as Chile’s first Minister of Culture, Arts, and Heritage from 2015 to 2018. As Minister of Culture, he created a Department of First Peoples, a Migrants Unit, and strengthened copyright laws and heritage protections. During this time, he also chaired the Regional Centre for the Promotion of Books in Latin America and the Caribbean (2016 – 2017). From 2011 to 2015, Mr. Ottone Ramírez served as Director-General of the Artistic and Cultural Extension Center of the University of Chile, which manages the National Symphony Orchestra of Chile, the Chilean National Ballet (BANCH), the Chile Symphony Choir, and the Vocal Camerata. From 2001 to 2010, he held the position of Executive Director at the Matucana 100 Cultural Center in Santiago.

Mr. Ottone Ramírez holds a Master’s degree in Management of Cultural Institutions and Policies from the University of Paris IX Dauphine (1998) and a Bachelor of Arts in theatre from the University of Chile (1995).

Chair Professor of Ewha Womans University, Former Chair of UN Convention on Biological Diversity

Professor Choe Jae Chun is a Distinguished Chair Professor of EcoScience at Ewha Womans University. He is a Co-president of the Climate Change Center, Honorary Ambassador of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), and a Co-chairman of the National Assembly Forum on Climate Change. He has served as the President of the Ecological Society of Korea, Alternate President of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and the Founding Director of the National Institute of Ecology of Korea. Also, he established the Biodiversity Foundation with Professor Jane Goodall.

He received his Ph.D. in evolutionary biology under the guidance of E. O. Wilson at Harvard University. Before he joined EcoScience Department at Ewha Womans University in 2006, he taught at Harvard University, at the University of Michigan, and at Seoul National University. His research focuses on sexual selection and social evolution of the Zoraptera, social conflict among colony-founding queens of Aztec ants, behavior and ecology of Black-billed Magpies, and mating system, vocal communication, and cognitive ecology of Javan Gibbons.

An award-winning author, his books include (2012), (2008), and (1997).

Director, Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage

Dr. Michael Atwood Mason became director of the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage in 2013. A champion of cultural sustainability, Mason has spent his career supporting individuals and communities in identifying, documenting, preserving, and sharing the culture that matters most to them. Mason manages the Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, global cultural sustainability initiatives, and educational activities. He began his career at the Smithsonian in 1992, working at the Anacostia Community Museum and later at the National Museum of Natural History. And he has developed, curated, and managed more than eighty exhibitions. Since 1987, he has been studying the religions and cultures of the African diaspora, and he is the author of Living Santería: Rituals and Experiences in an Afro-Cuban Religion and the cultural blog Baba Who? Babalú! He has been recognized for his contributions to supporting local cultural reclamation efforts.

Director, Center for Anthropocene Studies at KAIST

Dr. Buhm Soon Park is Professor at the Graduate School of Science and Technology Policy and Director of the Center for Anthropocene Studies at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) in Daejeon, South Korea. His research explores policy issues at the intersection between science, law, and governance from a historical and comparative perspective. He currently works on the imaginaries of biomedicine in the US and East Asia, focusing on government institutions, transnational clinical trials, and legal (re)definition of the post-genomic self. He also studies the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) as an Anthropocene space, exploring the co-evolution of Cold War militarism and ecological thinking in East Asia. He received his Ph.D. in the History of Science from Johns Hopkins University and spent several years at the U.S. National Institutes of Health as a postdoctoral fellow. He has published on a wide range of topics, such as the history of quantum chemistry, the history of NIH, and science policy in East Asia. He was a senior visiting research fellow in the Harvard Kennedy School’s STS Program in 2017.

Professor of Law, ABS Canada, University of Ottawa

Professor Chidi Oguamanam is a professor in the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, where he is affiliated with the Centre for Law, Technology and Society; the Centre for Environmental Law and Global Sustainability; and the Centre for Health Law Policy and Ethics. He holds numerous research fellowships and affiliations with leading global organizations. Dr. Oguamanam leads and is associated with many research consortia, including the ABS Canada project and the Open African Innovation Research (Open AIR) Partnership . An author of several books and publications that reflect a wide range of interdisciplinary research spanning intellectual property’s interface with Indigenous knowledge systems, biodiversity conservation, equitable access to and use of data in new and emerging innovations. He is named to the Royal Society of Canada College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists. Dr. Oguamanam is the editor, Genetic Resources, Justice and Reconciliation: Canada and Global Access and Benefit Sharing (Cambridge, 2018).

President and Chairman of the Board of the Pacific Blue Foundation, Professor Emeritus of UCSD

Dr. Greg Mitchell is a scientist at the University of California San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the founder, President and Chairman of the Board of Pacific Blue Foundation. Dr. Mitchell is an expert in ocean photosynthesis, satellite remote sensing, and algal biotechnology. In the past 15 years, Dr. Mitchell has dedicated considerable volunteer time to Pacific Blue Foundation, a USA and Fiji non-profit dedicated to biological and cultural conservation. Since 2010 Pacific Blue Foundation has been directly responsible for a major revitalization of traditional sailing canoe construction and racing in Fiji. These efforts have resulted in Disney Animation Studio basing the sailing canoes in MOANA on the Fijian canoes, and the construction of two museum-quality canoes, one that was a gift to Queen Elizabeth for her 90th birthday and one that is part of a Fijian culture and art exhibit at the Los Angeles Contemporary Arts Museum. Also, he has published more than 75 basic research articles in the premier scientific literature, has been Chairman of the committees for doctoral students, and from 1990-1992 he served as NASA’s program manager for Ocean Biology.

Head of the Yap States Historic Preservation Office (HPO)

Mr. Francis Reg is the Head of the Yap State Historic Preservation Office (YSHPO). The Yap State Historic Preservation Office is located in Yap State in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), operates under the Department of Youth and Civic Affairs of the Yap State Government and has a regular budget funded by the local government and the National Park Service (NPS) and the United States Department of the Interior (DOI). YSHPO collaborates and networks with other regional and international organizations, universities, and other bodies.

YSHPO has five main functions: 1) collecting Yapese written and oral history, 2) registering and surveying cultural and historical properties, 3) inventorying and mapping cultural and historical sites and properties, 4) restoring and rehabilitating cultural and historic properties, and 5) performing general YSHPO administration, including NPS/DOI Historic Preservation Fund (HPF).

UNESCO ICH Facilitator

Rahul Goswami is a facilitator for the UNESCO 2003 Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage since 2011. Over the past years, he has trained and advised government officials, researchers and scholars, traditional knowledge bearers, and practitioners in 12 Asian countries on methods to identify, document and safeguard ICH. During his work of over 30 years on knowledge systems, he was associated with the Centre for Environment Education Himalaya, a specialized agency supported by the Ministry of Environment, Government of India, for over 15 years, and focused on educational and capacity building responses to climate change in the Indian Himalaya region, watershed management, indigenous crop cultivation, animal husbandry, and local medicinal practices. He previously served as a consultant for a project under the Ministry of Agriculture to support the recognition of traditional crop knowledge.

Assistant Professor of Latvian Academy of Culture

Anita Vaivade has been Assistant Professor at the Latvian Academy of Culture since 2012. After master degrees in sociology and legal sciences, she defended her doctoral thesis cum laude on the Conceptualisation of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Law in 2011, in parallel to professional responsibilities as Culture, Communication and Information Sector Director at the Latvian National Commission for UNESCO (2006–2012). Anita Vaivade led the Latvian delegation to the UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2013–2015), and since 2017 is leading the UNESCO Chair on Intangible Cultural Heritage Policy and Law. Anita Vaivade joined the UNESCO global network of facilitators in the field of intangible cultural heritage in 2017. She co-leads the ‘Osmose’ international comparative study on intangible cultural heritage related legislation. In 2020 she started her postdoctoral research project “Intangible Cultural Heritage as Resource for Sustainable Development in Northern Europe: Rights-Based Approach”.

Head Research Group Avalanche Dynamics and Risk Management, WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF

Dr. Michael Bruendl is a geographer from the Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich and holds a Ph.D. on snow hydrology from ETH Zurich. For over 20 years he is working in the field of risk management of natural hazards with a focus on risk assessment, early warning systems, and cost-benefit-analysis of mitigation measures. He was leading the event analyses of the avalanche winters in 1999 and 2018 and the follow-up project “Intercantonal Warning and Crisis Information System IFKIS”; he contributed to the development of the Swiss National Strategy Natural Hazards, was editor of the Guideline Risk Concept for Natural Hazards in Switzerland and project leader of the project “EconoMe – evaluation of the effectiveness and efficiency of mitigation measures against natural hazards”. Currently, he is head of the WSL research program “Climate Change Impacts on Alpine Mass Movements” and the research group “Avalanche Dynamics and Risk Management”.

Professor of Faculty of Tourism, Wakayama University, Japan

Dr. Kumi Kato is a Professor at the Faculty of Tourism/Graduate School of Tourism, Wakayama University and a special appointed professor at Musashino University, Japan. She also has a visiting professorship at the Asian Institute of Tourism, University of the Philippines, and advisory role at organizations including the Sustainable Tourism Promotion Center, APTEC (UNWTO Japan), Osaka University, and Global Himalayan Expeditions India. Kumi has been leading the national project to implement the Japan Sustainable Tourism Standard for Destinations (JSTS-D), a standard that was developed during 2019 based on the GSTC Criteria and a global research project she chaired. She also served as a site auditor for the WTTC Tourism for Tomorrow Award.

Kumi is a passionate advocate for sustainability in community development, education, and research, working with a wide range of stakeholders. Major works include disaster recovery and community resilience (community heritage restoration in Fukushima evacuation zones); traditional ecological knowledge of women (women divers’ ecological knowledge; ethics of whaling communities); slow and wellness-focused tourism (pilgrimage tourism). Besides academic publications, her work includes creative outputs such as public art installation, documentaries, and performances. She believes in creative inspirations and community power in promoting sustainability. Prior to her return to Japan in 2008, Kumi taught in Australia for 24 years in various capacities including a lecturer at the University of Queensland and Griffith University. Based in Japan, she is committed to promoting sustainable tourism locally, regionally, and globally.

Assistant Professor of University of Santo Tomas

Eric Babar Zerrudo is the director of the University of Santo Tomas Center for Conservation of Cultural Property and the Environment in the Tropics (CCCPET) and faculty of the Graduate School-Cultural Heritage Studies program. Concurrently, he serves as the national coordinator of the CBCP Episcopal Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church and heritage consultant for the Department of Tourism and NCCA-Philippine Cultural Education Program. He was a former UNESCO Philippines Commissioner for World Heritage Convention and Focal Person for Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention. Recently, he contributed to the development of the ASEAN Heritage Competency Framework. He is a member of the ICOMOS ISC PRERICO and APHEN-ICH.

Professor of University of California, Los Angeles

Professor Elizabeth DeLoughrey is a professor in the UCLA English Department and the Institute for the Environment and Sustainability. She teaches postcolonial literature courses on the environment, globalization, militarism, the politics of food, the Anthropocene and climate change. She is the author of Routes and Roots: Navigating Caribbean and Pacific Literatures (2007), and co-editor of Caribbean Literature and the Environment: Between Nature and Culture(2005); Postcolonial Ecologies: Literatures of the Environment(2011); and Global Ecologies and the Environmental Humanities: Postcolonial Approaches (2015). Her forthcoming book, Allegories of the Anthropocene (2019), examines climate change and empire in the literary and visual arts and is forthcoming from Duke University Press. She has appointments in the English Department and the UCLA Institute for the Environment and Sustainability. She is the founder and coordinator of the UCLA Postcolonial Literature and Theory Colloquium and is co-editor for the online open-access journal Environmental Humanities. Dr. DeLoughrey’s research interests include – Postcolonial and Indigenous approaches to the Environmental Humanities; Island Studies, Anthropocene and Climate Change, Militarization and Nuclearization, Critical Ocean Studies, Feminist & Critical Theory; the Caribbean and Pacific Island Literatures and Art.

Regional Coordinator, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Ms. Sinikinesh Beyene Jimma is a passionate development professional who served in senior positions in international NGOs, bilateral and multilateral organizations in Africa and Asia and the Pacific regions. She has significantly contributed to policy and strategy formulation and program design and implementation in the fields of environment protection and ecosystem management, food security and resilience building, disaster risk management, climate change adaptation, and mitigation as well as ocean governance.

Ms. Sinikinesh has served UNDP as Head of Climate Resilient Green Growth Unit in Ethiopia and Chief Technical Advisor on resilience-building programs in Asia and the Pacific region. Before she joined the UN, she was the Resident Representative of Cordaid, Netherlands. Currently, she is working for UNEP as Regional Coordinator of the West Indian Ocean Large Marine Ecosystem Strategic Action Programme Policy Harmonization and Institutional Reform program.

Ms. Sinikinesh earned her MBA from the Australian Institute of Business (AIB), Masters Degree in Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation for Natural Resources Management from ITC, Netherlands, and BA Degree in Geography from Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

ICH Youth Network

The Intangible Cultural Heritage(ICH) Youth Network is consists of undergraduate students from the Department of Cultural Property Management and the Department of Intangible Heritage of the Korea National University of Cultural Heritage. The Korea National University of Cultural Heritage was founded in 2000 and is the only university in the world that specializes succession of traditional culture development and the cultivation of practical professionals in preserving, managing, and utilizing cultural heritage. Also, the Korea National University of Cultural Heritage is serving as the first secretariat office of the Asia-Pacific Higher Education Network for Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage (APHEN-ICH) and has been introduced in the report of the thirteenth session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage as one of the examples that play the role of a tertiary educational institution to train and research for the protection of intangible heritage.

Members of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Youth Network met as colleagues during the internship at the UNESCO Information and Networking Centre for Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Asia-Pacific (ICHCAP). They decided to establish a network for young professionals who are active in the field of cultural heritage. Youth Network members are interested in self-governing activities and policy participation and promoting intangible cultural heritage projects from environmental and ecological perspectives. And these young professionals hope to become leaders of the intangible cultural heritage field in the future.

Senior Curator of National Museum of Korea. Former Director of National Folk Museum of Korea [Moderator of the Day 1]

Mr. Jingi Cheon was the Director of the National Folk Museum of the Republic of Korea from 2011 to 2018 and served as the Director of the Jeonju National Museum from 2018 to 2020. He is now serving as a Senior Curator of the National Museum of Korea. As a prominent author of cultural heritage, his books include , , and .

Professor of Kangwon National University [Moderator of the Day 2]

Dr. Geon Soo Han is a professor of the Department of Cultural Anthropology, Kwangwon National University. He served as the President of the Korean Family Studies Association, Korean Society of Education for International Understanding, and a member of the Multicultural Family Policy Commission, and the Foreigner’s Policy Commission at the Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea. He also participates at the Committee of Korean Cities for UCCN, the Korean National Commission for UNESCO. He received a B.A. in anthropology from Seoul National University and a Ph.D. degree from the University of California, Berkeley. His main research topics are African studies, multicultural society, international migration, cultural diversity, and African Intangible Cultural Heritage.

President of Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea [Moderator for Day 3]

Dr. Keum-jin Yoon is President of the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea since the end of 2017. Ms. Yoon began her career with the Korea Foundation in 1985 when it was identified as the International Cultural Society of Korea. Since then she has held a series of leadership positions at the Korea Foundation until she completed her term as Executive Vice President in December 2017. Prior to this, Ms. Yoon served as Director of the Korea Foundation’s Washington D.C. office and, as the Director of the Cultural Center which she envisioned and made into reality.

In prior leadership roles, Ms. Yoon has been instrumental in enhancing the Korean Studies Support Abroad, Overseas Museum Support, Culture & Arts Exchange, Publications, and Invitation programs which are the backbone of the Korea Foundation. By virtue of her experiences and expertise in museum management, she was appointed as President of the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea which was established to preserve Korea’s cultural heritage and to enhance the public’s cultural understanding. She is an executive member of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) Korea and has served as an advisor to various cultural organizations on cultural policy and cultural administration.

Ms. Yoon received a B.A. in English Education and M.A. in Linguistics from Ewha Woman’s University, an M.A. in Museum Management from Dankook University, and a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology (Museum studies) from Hanyang Univerity

Opening Ceremony

Introducing Participants of the 2020 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Session 1

Introducing Participants of the 2020 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Ernesto Ottone Ramirez

Keynote Presentation:
Re-defining the Relationship Between Humanity and Nature

Stressing the importance of intangible cultural heritage safeguarding and promotion as a response to natural disasters caused by climate change. Examining the current situation on intangible cultural heritage and safeguarding amidst the chaos of the pandemic, Presenting the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage policy and vision to redefine the relationship between humanity and nature.

Buhm Soon Park

Presentation 1:
Intangible Cultural Heritages in the Anthropocene

The Anthropocene is a geological term referring to the era characterized by human impact on geological activity and geological history. Climate change, environment, and disease are going beyond scientific discourse to impact our daily lives. Understanding the message being sent from the planet to humanity, and discussing the future and potential of intangible cultural heritage.

Francis Reg

Presentation 2:
Sustainable Agriculture in Nature, Micronesian Agroforestry

Agroforestry is a traditional method of agriculture with a 1000-year long history, practiced mostly in Southeast Asia and Africa. Agroforestry acts as a buffer against flooding and stabilizes the soil, making it an effective response to climate change. Presenting the example of Micronesian sustainable agroforestry, which co-exists in harmony with nature.

Michael Bruendl

Presentation 3:
Intangible Cultural Heritage as Protection, Avalanche Risk Management

Avalanche risk management of the Alps, inscribed to UNESCO’s Representative List of ICH in 2018, is a major topic of interest for Alpine communities which plays a role in forming their identity. Examining the method of disaster management in the Alps, which prepares against natural risks based on experience and knowledge accumulated over centuries.

Elizabeth DeLoughrey

Presentation 4:
Islands of
the Anthropocene

A look at how research on indigenous understanding of nature and methods of co-existence in the Caribbean and Pacific regions crossed over into the humanities. Examining intangible cultural heritage in the human-nature relationship through the field of ecological humanities.

Panel discussion 1

Session 2

Humanity’s Response to the Crisis and Intangible Cultural Heritage

Jae Chun Choe

Special Lecture:
Future of Humanity, Ecological Turn, and the Role of Intangible Cultural Heritage

Discussing the importance of the ecological turn, rising to prominence in the post-corona discourse. Emphasizing the importance of nature as well as the co-existence of humanity and other forms of life in nature. Presenting a social ecology perspective on the direction for human intangible cultural heritage which has a long-shared history with nature.

Chidi Oguamanam

Presentation 1:
Mitigating ‘Nature Deficit’: Indigenous Languages and Oral Literature

Indigenous Local Knowledge (ILK) is an important form of intangible cultural heritage. Presenting examples of attempts to scientifically prove the contribution of ILK, transmitted and accumulated over a long period of time, to biodiversity. Exploring research and policies that encourage the use of ILK in diverse ways.

Rahul Goswami

Presentation 2:
India’s Disaster Reduction and Management through Intangible Cultural Heritage

Presenting examples of disaster reduction and water management through intangible cultural heritage in countries in the Himalayan region. Understanding the importance of intangible cultural heritage as a response to natural disasters. Looking at the current situation in the knowledge community, where experts from different countries can discuss the use of intangible cultural heritage in this field and outcomes thereof.

Kumi Kato

Presentation 3:
Sea Ethics as Intangible Cultural Heritage: Traditional Fisheries and Climate Change in Japan, Australia, and the United States

Examining human ethics revealed in the traditional use of natural resources and human-nature interactions. Introducing the environmental ethics concept of ‘creative conservation’, sharing examples from Japan and Australia in the use of intangible cultural heritage for environmental sustainability.

Sinikinesh Beyene Jimma

Presentation 4:
International Cooperation and Efforts to Strengthen the Resilience of Coastal Ecosystems

How Asian local and indigenous groups’ practices and cultural styles can play an essential role in strengthening the coastal ecosystems and international cooperation in the midst of on-going climate change. Through the examples of Timor Leste, we hope to find both indirect and direct solutions while maintaining international collaboration and the Sustainable Developmental Goals.

Panel discussion 2

Session 3

Intangible Cultural Heritage in Our Daily Lives, Towards a New Age

Michael Mason

Special Lecture: Role of Communities in Promoting Environmental Sustainability and Intangible Cultural Heritage

Intangible cultural heritage transmitted and accumulated over generations allow human societies to interact with nature, and contribute to environmental sustainability. Examining the central role of local communities in such contribution, presenting future tasks and direction for action.

Greg Mitchell

Presentation 1: The Role of NGOs in Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage and Environmental Sustainability

In Fiji, a boat is a central cultural element for the indigenous and local people. The traditional boat building skills and practices need to be attended in the light of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage. The situation of the significant reduction of the boatbuilding community not only poses a threat to the boatbuilding community but also to the marine environment as well. By revitalizing the traditional boat building skills and community, the Pacific Blue Foundation hopes to solve environmental sustainability and marine pollution in Fiji while promoting knowledge of intangible cultural heritage.

Anita Vaivade

Presentation 2 : Nature, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Law

Exploring the mutual relationship between nature and intangible cultural heritage, and the possible role of laws in protecting both intangible cultural heritage and nature amidst such interactions. Looking at intangible cultural heritage-related laws enacted within environmental regulations.

Eric Babar Zerrudo

Presentation 3: Role of the State in Intangible Cultural Heritage Safeguarding in the COVID-19 Pandemic

Examining the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on intangible cultural heritage. Studying the example of the Philippine to discuss the importance of national policy in intangible cultural heritage safeguarding and promotion.

ICH Youth Network (Korea National University of Cultural Heritage)

Presentation 4: Joining our Voices in Intangible Cultural Heritage ICH Youth Network

Discussing examples of young people working in the field of intangible cultural heritage, and how they make their voices heard in different ways to promote the importance of interactions between nature and intangible cultural heritage.

Panel discussion 3