Intangible Cultural Heritage
Human, Nature, and
2020.09.23. (Wed) ~ 25. (Fri)
Online Forum due to the COVID-19 Pandemic
VOD





2020 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage

Intangible Cultural Heritage:
Protects Biodiversity
Contributes to Environmental Sustainability
Enables Mankind to Interact with the Natural Environment and
Allow us to respond better and faster to Climate Change and Natural Disasters.

WHERE

Online Forum due to the COVID-19 Pandemic

WHEN

2020. 09. 23. (Wed) ~ 25. (Fri), 3days
14:00 ~ 16:00 (KST)


Invitation

Human, Nature, and Intangible Cultural Heritage
2020 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage, Online Forum due to the COVID-19 Pandemic
2020. 09. 23 (Wed) ~ 25 (Fri).

Will our next generation thoroughly enjoy the clean water and fresh air, and abundance of nature that we all enjoy now?

Environmental sustainability is the most fundamental and urgent issue for humankind. Nonetheless, humanity has brought about climate change and the destruction of the natural environment in a relatively short time. This year, the pandemic of COVID-19 has caused tremendous causalities and brought significant changes around the world. Many experts attribute frequent emergence, and climate change influences the new viruses’ rapid spread in recent decades. The Republic of Korea is also experiencing more and more side effects of extreme weather every year, such as extreme heat and cold waves, unprecedented floods, and severe droughts.

There has never been a single living species in Earth’s history that has damaged our planet as much as humankind has had done. How can we prepare and maintain both environmental and ecological sustainability in the face of natural calamities?


Intangible cultural heritage is the knowledge and practice of nature and the universe that individuals and communities worldwide have accumulated through interaction with nature. Specifically, it refers to knowledge about traditional ecology, knowledge about local animals, plants and environment, indigenous and native knowledge, traditional treatment systems, cosmology, etc. Such knowledge and practice can significantly influence and change our values and beliefs towards nature. For example, Switzerland and Austria’s avalanche risk management, which was registered on UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage List in 2018, is an excellent example of responding to a natural crisis while strengthening its identity and sense of camaraderie. Nevertheless, such intangible cultural heritage has been much threatened by climate change, a series of deforestation, and desertification due to humankind’s destruction. Therefore, in the 2020 World Intangible Cultural Heritage Forum, we would like to discuss the meaning and role of the intangible cultural heritage and how it can contribute to environmental sustainability.

We hope this forum will serve as a meaningful opportunity to rediscover the value of intangible cultural heritage and discuss and find new ways to protect humankind from the ecological crisis. Thank you.


Program

Language: English/Korean (Simultaneous Interpretation)

  • 9.23.(Wed)


  • 9.23.(수)


  • 9.24.(Thu)


  • 9.24.(목)


  • 9.25.(Fri)


  • 9.25.(금)


  • Stressing the importance of intangible cultural heritage safeguarding and promotion as a response to natural disasters caused by climate change. Examining the current situation on intangible cultural heritage and safeguarding amidst the chaos of the pandemic, Presenting the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage policy and vision to redefine the relationship between humanity and nature.


  • The Anthropocene is a geological term referring to the era characterized by human impact on geological activity and geological history. Climate change, environment, and disease are going beyond scientific discourse to impact our daily lives. Understanding the message being sent from the planet to humanity, and discussing the future and potential of intangible cultural heritage.


  • Agroforestry is a traditional method of agriculture with a 1000-year long history, practiced mostly in Southeast Asia and Africa. Agroforestry acts as a buffer against flooding and stabilizes the soil, making it an effective response to climate change. Presenting the example of Micronesian sustainable agroforestry, which co-exists in harmony with nature.


  • Avalanche risk management of the Alps, inscribed to UNESCO’s Representative List of ICH in 2018, is a major topic of interest for Alpine communities which plays a role in forming their identity. Examining the method of disaster management in the Alps, which prepares against natural risks based on experience and knowledge accumulated over centuries.


  • How research on the indigenous understanding of nature and methods of co-existence in the Pacific regions crossed over into the humanities—examining intangible cultural heritage in the human-nature relationship through the field of ecological humanities.


  • ㅇ 개회사(국립무형유산원, 유네스코아태무형유산센터)
    ㅇ 환영사(문화재청)
    ㅇ 축 사1(미정)
    ㅇ 축 사2(미정)


  • 기후변화로 인한 자연재해에 대응하는 무형문화유산의 보호와 진흥 활동의 중요성을 강조. 특히 신종 바이러스 대확산이라는 혼란 속 무형문화유산의 현황과 보호 사례를 탐색. 인간과 자연의 관계를 재정의해나가는 유네스코의 무형문화유산 정책의 비전 제시.


  • 인간의 활동이 지구 활동이나 지구 역사에 영향을 끼치기 시작한 시대를 뜻하는 인류세. 과학자들의 담론을 넘어 우리의 일상생활에까지 영향을 미치는 기후변화와 생태계 문제, 그리고 질병. 지구가 인류에게 보내는 메시지를 통해 무형문화유산의 미래와 가능성을 논의.


  • 1000년의 역사를 가지고 있는 혼농임업은 동남아시아와 아프리카 등에서 주로 사용된 전통 농경 지식으로 홍수에 대한 완충 역할을 함과 동시에 숲의 토양을 안정화하여 기후변화에 대응하는 방식임. 혼농임업으로 자연과 공존하는 미크로네시아의 지속가능농업 사례 제시.


  • 2018년 유네스코 인류무형문화유산으로 등재된 눈사태 위험관리는 알프스산맥 주민들의 정체성이며 지역공동체의 주요 관심사. 수 세기에 걸쳐 축적한 경험과 지식을 토대로 위험에 대비하는 알프스산맥 주민들의 자연재해관리 방식을 고찰.


  • 태평양 지역 토착민들의 자연에 대한 인식과 공존방식에 관한 연구가 인문학으로 재탄생하는 과정을 살펴보는 기회. 생태 인문학이라는 분야를 통해 인간과 자연과의 관계 속 무형문화유산을 바라보는 기회를 제시.


  • Discussing the importance of the ecological turn, rising to prominence in the post-corona discourse. Emphasizing the importance of nature as well as the co-existence of humanity and other forms of life in nature. Presenting a social ecology perspective on the direction for human intangible cultural heritage which has a long-shared history with nature.


  • Indigenous Local Knowledge (ILK) is an important form of intangible cultural heritage. Presenting examples of attempts to scientifically prove the contribution of ILK, transmitted and accumulated over a long period of time, to biodiversity. Exploring research and policies that encourage the use of ILK in diverse ways.


  • Presenting examples of disaster reduction and water management through intangible cultural heritage in countries in the Himalayan region. Understanding the importance of intangible cultural heritage as a response to natural disasters. Looking at the current situation in the knowledge community, where experts from different countries can discuss the use of intangible cultural heritage in this field and outcomes thereof.


  • Examining human ethics revealed in the traditional use of natural resources and human-nature interactions. Introducing the environmental ethics concept of ‘creative conservation’, sharing examples from Japan and Australia in the use of intangible cultural heritage for environmental sustainability.


  • How Asian local and indigenous groups’ practices and cultural styles can play an essential role in strengthening the coastal ecosystems and international cooperation in the midst of on-going climate change. Through the examples of Timor Leste, we hope to find both indirect and direct solutions while maintaining international collaboration and the Sustainable Developmental Goals.


  • 포스트 코로나 시대에 주요 화두로 떠오르고 있는 생태적 전환의 중요성 논의. 자연의 소중함은 물론 인간과 자연 속 생명체들과의 공생의 중요성을 강조. 자연과 오랜 역사를 가지고 있는 인류의 무형문화유산이 나가야 할 방향에 대해 사회생태학의 시각으로 화두 제시.


  • 인류의 소중한 무형문화유산인 토착지역지식. 오랜 시간을 통해 전해지고 축적된 토착지역지식이 생물다양성에 기여한다는 것을 과학 분야에서 증명하려는 사례들을 탐색. 토착지역지식이 다양하게 활용될 수 있도록 장려하는 연구와 정책을 탐색하는 기회 마련.


  • 인도 히말라야 지역과 주변 국가들의 무형문화유산인 재해저감관리와 물 관리 방식 등의 실사례를 탐색. 자연재해에 대응하는 방식으로 무형문화유산의 중요성을 인식하고 각국의 관련 전문가와 실제적인 활용방안과 결과에 대해 논의하는 지식 공동체의 현황을 논의.


  • 전통적으로 자연자원을 활용하는 인간과 자연의 상호작용 속에서 나타나는 인간의 윤리의식을 고찰. 자연의 ‘창조적인 보존’이라는 환경윤리 개념을 소개하고 환경적 지속가능성을 위한 무형문화유산의 일본 및 호주의 사례를 공유.


  • 기후변화가 해안 생태계에 미치는 영향과 지역사회 복원력(Resilience) 강화를 위한 국제사회의 오랜 노력을 탐색. 변화로 인한 일련의 재해들과 함께 살아가며 환경과 공존하는 지역주민의 문화양식을 살피는 일은 국제협력에 중요한 요소이다. 동티모르 지역의 환경적 지속가능성을 위한 국제사회의 대처 현황을 논의.


  • Intangible cultural heritage transmitted and accumulated over generations allow human societies to interact with nature, and contribute to environmental sustainability. Examining the central role of local communities in such contribution, presenting future tasks and direction for action.


  • In Fiji, a boat is a central cultural element for the indigenous and local people. The traditional boat building skills and practices need to be attended in the light of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage. The situation of the significant reduction of the boatbuilding community not only poses a threat to the boatbuilding community but also to the marine environment as well. By revitalizing the traditional boat building skills and community, the Pacific Blue Foundation hopes to solve environmental sustainability and marine pollution in Fiji while promoting knowledge of intangible cultural heritage.


  • Exploring the mutual relationship between nature and intangible cultural heritage, and the possible role of laws in protecting both intangible cultural heritage and nature amidst such interactions. Looking at intangible cultural heritage-related laws enacted within environmental regulations.


  • Examining the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on intangible cultural heritage. Studying the example of the Philippine to discuss the importance of national policy in intangible cultural heritage safeguarding and promotion.


  • Discussing examples of young people working in the field of intangible cultural heritage, and how they make their voices heard in different ways to promote the importance of interactions between nature and intangible cultural heritage.


  • 세대를 통해 전승되고 축적되어온 무형문화유산은 인간 사회가 자연환경과 상호교류할 수 있도록 해주고 환경적 지속가능성에 기여함. 이러한 기여에 토착민들과 지역공동체들의 중심 역할을 고찰하고 앞으로의 과제와 방향을 제시.


  • 피지 지역주민들에게 있어서 전통 선박은 그들의 과거와 현재를 잇는 중요한 문화적 요소 중 하나. 글로벌 경제와 세계화의 영향으로 전통선박제작 인구가 급감하고 있는 현실. 피지의 전통 선박제작기술를 살펴봄으로써 무형문화유산의 환경적 지속가능성을 고찰하고, 이에 기여하는 NGO의 역할도 탐색.


  • 쌍방의 연관성을 가진 자연과 무형문화유산과의 관계를 성찰. 이러한 상호작용 가운데 무형유산과 자연을 보호하는 데 있어 법이 할 수 있는 역할 탐구. 특히 환경법상 규제 안에서의 무형유산 보호 관련 입법 사례를 탐색.


  • 코로나 팬데믹이 무형문화유산에 끼친 영향을 살펴보고 무형문화유산의 보호와 진흥을 위한 국가 정책의 필요성을 필리핀의 사례를 통해 논의.


  • 무형문화유산 분야에 있는 청년들이 자연과 무형문화유산 간 상호작용의 중요성에 대해 각기 다양한 방식으로 자신들의 목소리를 내고 있는 사례에 관해서 이야기를 나눌 예정.


Speakers

Introducing Participants of the 2020 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage.